What Are the Different Types of Counseling?

Types of counseling include educational, career, marriage and family, mental health and substance abuse counseling. Within these specialties, different counseling approaches can be taken, including cognitive therapy, psychotherapy, existential counseling, person-centered therapy and rational emotive behavior therapy. More specialized versions of counseling include child development, debt, eating disorder and grief counseling, as well as therapies using art and music to help clients overcome specific issues.