The field of anthropology is usually broken down into four main branches: cultural anthropology, biological anthropology, linguistic anthropology and archaeology. Each separate branch of this discipline seeks to study some aspect of humanity - whether it's culture, language, or human biology and evolution.Continue Reading
Cultural anthropology is generally seen as the widest and most practiced branch in the field and is focused on studying human culture and its effect on both the individual and the society as a whole. Most cultural anthropologists focus on one specific aspect of culture, such as religion or politics. Biological anthropology differs from cultural anthropology in that it looks at the role that genetics, history and evolution have played in making humans and societies into what they are today.
Whereas both cultural and biological anthropology are at least somewhat concerned with modern man, archaeology is only concerned with history and seeks to understand and reconstruct what life was like in past cultures and societies. Archaeologists can be focused on any area of human history, from the pre-human, stone age to more recent times.
Linguistic anthropology is focused solely on language, from how languages work, grow and evolve to the effect language has had on human history and development.Learn more about Anthropology
Franz Boas' major contribution to anthropology was his denial of race as a biological construct. During the late 19th century, anthropologists used biological features to justify racial divisions. Boas disagreed with this and proved that physical features are a result of evolution in one's environment, not evidence of human species.Full Answer >
The relationship between anthropology and sociology is dependent upon the human cultures that are studied in both disciplines. Sociology looks at human beings during a specific time period, while anthropology looks at the overall growth and change of humans from ancestral times to present-day times.Full Answer >
Social studies is a field of study that seeks to unify the diverse subjects of history, politics, economics, sociology, geography and anthropology, ultimately aiming toward a comprehensive understanding of society. It is often taught to young students as a preparation for college or careers.Full Answer >
To become a forensic anthropologist, one must complete a bachelor's degree in anthropology, pursue a specialty in physical anthropology, and complete at least a master's degree in the field. Since forensic anthropologists mostly deal with human skeletal remains, professionals advise students to specialize further in osteology.Full Answer >