Nationalism is an ideology that fosters deep attachment to one's nation, whereas sectionalism is allegiance to one's particular section of the country. The distinction between nationalism and sectionalism is most significant in describing the political climate of the antebellum era of the United States, when sectional conflict between the north and south overwhelmed nationalist feelings and led the country to civil war.Continue Reading
The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy explains that nationalism is a spirit of intense affinity for one's nation, which is a ethnic and cultural unit. Nationalism emphasizes the value of the traditions, practices, customs, institutions, language and history of the nation, often romanticizing these elements and downplaying imperfections. In the context of history, nationalism is often used to characterize the zeal that provoked the nations of Europe to engage in the two world wars.
Sectionalism of the degree seen in Civil War era America is rare among most nation-states because the nation is typically a single cultural entity. Thus, smaller political units, like cities, do not have enough cultural independence to inspire an allegiance stronger than one's loyalty to the nation. Because the United States was a union of autonomous states with their own identity, the American people prior to the civil war did not have a strong national identity and tended to place allegiance to their own state above allegiance to the country.Learn more about Philosophy
Pragmatism differs from idealism in its view that the value of an ideology or proposition is determined by its effectiveness and practicality while idealism is concerned primarily with the ideal or principal behind the proposition. The term idealism can, however, have several different meanings, but in most interpretations it refers to a focus on ideas, the imagination or the spiritual over the pragmatist view, which concentrates on existence as it is rather than how it should be. Pragmatists view the validity of a theory based on its results or consequences rather than its underlying ideals and antecedents.Full Answer >
An example of personification in Martin Luther King's speech is, "I have a dream that one day this nation will rise up and live out the true meaning of its creed." Personification gives human qualities to something that is not human.Full Answer >
Etheric projection is the separation of one's energy from one's physical body to a separate location using consciousness of thought. Aether means air. Astral means heavens. Unlike astral projection which is at a lower energy level, but can transcend time and space, etheric projection projects someone into the physical realm.Full Answer >
Charles Montesquieu believed that an effective government was one in which the legislative, executive and judicial branches were all separate entities. He felt that each branch of government needed to keep the others in check to prevent one from having too much power.Full Answer >