What Is the Difference Between Lutheran and Methodist Churches?

Differences between the Lutheran and Methodist churches include core religious beliefs in God’s grace, different religious origins and contrasting views of the role of the church in the world. The Methodist denomination asserts that unconverted people may choose God’s salvation, while Lutherans believe that unconverted people have no control over their salvation.

A core difference between the Lutheran and Methodist denominations lies in religious text. Methodists use Scripture as the primary source and criterion for Christian belief but also rely on tradition and experience, while Lutherans adopt the Bible as the only source of Christian doctrine. Methodists carry the teachings and practice of their religion across society, citing a call from God to blend church life with society. Lutherans, in contrast, separate church and state, citing a governmental rather than church obligation for societal reform.