What Is the Difference Between Latent and Manifest Functions?

Manifest functions are meant to occur and meant to be recognized, while latent functions are unrecognized and unintended. Manifest functions can be thought of as specific and direct actions taken with a certain purpose or end goal in mind. By contrast, latent functions are the unintended, unpredicted or unseen consequences that might arise as a result of certain manifest functions that have taken place.