Individualism focuses on empowering people through individual rights, but collectivism focuses on empowering people through collective rights. Individualists argue that self-reliance should be emphasized. Collectivists argue that governments and other organizations should ensure people have access to basic rights.Continue Reading
Libertarians generally focus on individualism when discussing morality and governance. To them, individual liberties should take precedence in almost all aspects of morality and government. They often argue that collectivist structures are counterproductive and deprive people of their essential liberties.
Socialists and communists focus on building strong collectivist infrastructure. They often argue that the importance of society as a whole trumps the importance of individual liberties. However, not all of these countries operate like the Soviet Union. Nordic nations, for example, have strong socialist infrastructure but lack the authoritative power of former Soviet states.
Most citizens and most politicians believe that a balanced approach is most effective. Strong individualists and collectivists are defined by their ideological views of moral and governmental issues, but most politicians take a more pragmatic approach. In the United States, for example, Republicans tend to favor individualism but are not opposed to all social infrastructure. Similarly, Democrats often seek to create and strengthen social infrastructure but are still interested in protecting individual rights.Learn more about Psychology
The six principles of the American Psychological Association Ethics Code are competence, integrity, professional and scientific responsibility, respect for people's rights and dignity, concern for others' welfare, and social responsibility, while the six principles of research ethics are integrity and quality, proper information, confidentiality, voluntary participation, avoidance of harm, and independence of research. Both the APA Ethics Code and the principles of research ethics are concerned with people's psychological well-being.Full Answer >
The five ethical principles involved with psychological research are beneficence and nonmaleficence, fidelity and responsibility, integrity, justice, and respect for people's rights and dignity. These principles must be strictly observed in all legitimate psychological testing, as stated by the American Psychological Association.Full Answer >
The line between individualism and group behavior in humans is not distinct, but people with individual qualities exhibit less cohesive behavior, have more responsibility for their actions and have different opinions from peers and colleagues in preferred outcomes and plans in group settings, according to Northwestern University. To measure individual characteristics, researchers generally look at how much one person's thoughts and actions deviate from collective group ideologies.Full Answer >
The principle of rights theory is the idea that in order for a society to be successful government must approach the making and enforcement of laws with the right intentions in respect to the end goals of the society that it governs. Members of society agree to give up some freedoms for the protection enjoyed by organized society, but governments cannot infringe upon the rights that citizens have been promised.Full Answer >