Islam, the Muslim religion, originated in the Arabian Peninsula around 622. Islam's prophet, Muhammad, lived in Mecca, a city in the western part of the peninsula. Here he developed the core doctrines of the religion.Continue Reading
Because of the central importance of Mecca in Islam, every able-bodied Muslim who has enough money must hake a pilgrimage to that city at least once in his lifetime. Islam also developed in Medina, a city around 270 miles from Mecca. Muhammad fled to this city for ten years after the elites of Mecca drove him out at the beginning of his ministry.
From these cities, Islam quickly spread across the Arabian Peninsula, the Middle East and North Africa. By the early years of the 8th century, rulers governing in the name of Islam governed territories spreading from modern-day India to modern-day Spain.Learn more about Islam
Muhammad is significant to followers of Islam because it is believed he was chosen by God to be a prophet of his word. The words of the Quran were revealed to Muhammad by God.Full Answer >
The founder of Islam was the prophet Muhammad. The religion was established between the years 610 and 622 A.D. As of 2014, Islam is the second largest practiced religion in the world.Full Answer >
Although the Muslim religion discourages the creation of images of Muhammad, the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City offers a lesson plan about the prophet along with some illustrations on its website. Controversial satirical images of the prophet can be found in publications such as Charlie Hebdo.Full Answer >
The religion of Islam officially began in 610 A.D., when the prophet Muhammad claimed to receive divine revelation from the archangel Gabriel, who also appears in the Judeo-Christian Bible, according to Evidence for Christianity. The Islamic tradition rebels against the idea of Jesus Christ as the literal son of God. Muslims believe that the core belief system of Christianity, the Trinity and the Resurrection of Jesus Christ, is deeply flawed.Full Answer >