Leonardo da Vinci was a painter, theorist, sculptor and artist who became famous for his works that included "Leda and the Swan," "The Last Supper," "Mona Lisa" and "Virgin of the Rocks." His achievements made him a leading figure in the Italian Renaissance.
Lorenzo de' Medici commissioned Leonardo da Vinci to make a silver lye in 1482 for Ludovico il Moro, the Duke of Milan, which was meant as a peace gesture. He did many works under Ludovico's court from 1482 to 1492, and he created "The Last Supper" during this time frame. He painted the "Mona Lisa" anywhere between 1505 to 1507, and the painting was considered perfection in progress by da Vinci. The painting was meant for a patron, but da Vinci kept it until he died.
He also drew anatomical parts of the body, including bone, muscle, sex organs, the heart and the vascular system, which were some of the earliest drawings of the human anatomy. One of his most famous anatomical drawings was the "Vitruvian Man," which illustrated the proportions of the human body.
Leonardo's talents also extended to science, plant life, architecture and technology. He drew flying machines and armored vehicles, and he commissioned a mechanized lion that walked and opened its chest to show lilies. He also depicted concentrated solar power. Most of his mechanical ideas were rooted in theory and never constructed.