The definition of a social welfare policy is social services provided by a government for its citizens. Examples of social welfare in the United States include Medicare, Medicaid, temporary assistance for needy families, food benefits and section 8 housing assistance. Other programs, such as workers compensation, unemployment insurance and Social Security benefits are also considered social welfare programs.Continue Reading
The Emergency Relief and Construction Act of 1932 was the first social welfare policy in the United States. This act provided $300 million in temporary loans to states. These funds were allocated to citizens that had been severely impacted by the Great Depression.
After this act was passed, it became evident that many citizens needed more assistance. As a result, the Federal Relief Act of 1933 was passed to provided $1 billion in additional social support for the poorest citizens. The Social Security Act of 1935 was also passed to provide aid to specific groups, such as children, the elderly and the disabled.
Social welfare policies remained relatively unchanged until welfare reform in 1996. This was a drastic change from previous policies because for the first time, recipients of public assistance were required to work in order to receive aid. Since this time, many debates have centered on who deserves social welfare aid and how much support should be given.Learn more about Social Sciences
Examples of Social Darwinism include believing one ethnic group or race superior to others, and objection to efforts supporting humanitarian assistance for all, such as government welfare programs. Social Darwinism essentially prescribes the theories of natural selection, adopted by Charles Darwin, to humans and aspects of human society, such as economics and politics. The theory of Social Darwinism applies the theory of "survival of the fittest" to humans.Full Answer >
"Majority rules with minority rights" is an important principle in democracy according to which public policy is determined by a majority of citizens, but the majority may not rightfully use its power to deprive minority groups of their rights. The protection of minority rights is an act of self-interest in a democracy, in which constant change can cause a group that forms a majority one day to become a minority.Full Answer >
Apartheid in South Africa was caused by the National Party, an all-white government that enforced a strong policy of racial segregation through legislation. This legislation was known as apartheid, and had roots in the 1913 Land Act after South African independence.Full Answer >
Social equality is when certain goods and responsibilities are divided evenly across a society. Those goods can also be ideals, such as freedom.Full Answer >