Dualistic thinking, according to William Perry's model of intellectual development, is the intellectual ability to understand good and evil but not the nuances inbetween. He believed it was the base level of intellectual development that most college freshmen possessed.Continue Reading
In dualistic thinking, students rely on authority figures for direction on what is right or wrong. They prefer to memorize and repeat as opposed to analyze and examine, and they are uncomfortable with active and cooperative learning. Facts and figures are comfortable at this level of development; abstract concepts are not.
Perry identified eight levels of intellectual development beyond this one and developed a system, published in 1970, for helping college students grow intellectually well beyond that first level. This framework is an integral part of college teaching today.Learn more about Philosophy
Universal themes in literature are common ideas that appear in plays, poems and stories – even though they were written decades or even centuries apart. Plays written thousands of years ago by the Greek playwrights Aeschylus and Sophocles have themes that are virtually identical to themes that appear in literature from modern times, and just about every literary work includes some of these timeless ideas.Full Answer >
Neo-Malthusian theory holds that population growth is exponential and that human population growth can easily outstrip its food resources if not held in check with artificial birth control measures. It differs from traditional Malthusian theory in the proposed birth control solution.Full Answer >
The standard vocabulary comprehension for college students includes the ability to understand word relationships, figurative language and nuances in word meanings. College students should also be able to clarify the meaning of unknown words by analyzing word parts or referencing research and materials.Full Answer >
Humanism is best described by its emphasis on the ability and responsibility of mankind to make cultural, technological and scientific progress without the help of any outside forces. Humanism is generally associated with progress based on empiricism and the lack of belief in a god or gods.Full Answer >