The definition of cognitive processes is the performance of a cognitive activity or a processing and movement that affects the mental contents of a person such as the process of thinking or the cognitive operation of remembering something. The cognitive process was a theory first developed by Carl Jung and is used frequently in the study of psychology.
Cognitive psychology studies cognitive processes and how people absorb as well as process information. Carl Jung developed a theory of psychological types that is based around the way that people take in information and make decisions based on their internal and external worlds. Jung believed that there were eight patterns for how people perform mental activities. His theory is based on the idea that normal people have differences in their behavior because of the way that they use their inborn tendencies in their minds to process information and make choices.
Jung created four opposite choices for people that separated them into their cognitive processes group. The first was called "the attitudes." People were either extroverts (E) or introverts (I). The second was called "the functions." People were either perceiving (P) or judging (J). People were either sensing (S) or intuitive (I). People were also either thinking (T) or feeling (F). All people embody all parts of the eight letters, but lean more towards one or the other. When these four choices were put together, the eight types were developed.