According to Oxford Learning, "cognitive learning" is the function based on how a person processes and reasons information. It revolves around many factors, including problem-solving skills, memory retention, thinking skills and the perception of learned material.
Cognitive learning happens both consciously and unconsciously, meaning information is acquired and processed at all times.
Individuals differ when conscious learning occurs; some people are visually cognitive, while others learn best from hearing the information. An example of this is watching a video tutorial on how to use a tool, as opposed to reading the instruction manual. For individuals with challenges in learning, changes in how information is received can increase retention.