Q:

What is deductive research?

A:

Quick Answer

A deductive, or "top-down," approach to research methodology begins with hypotheses based on existing knowledge or literature. In other words, it seeks to test an established theory.

Continue Reading
What is deductive research?
Credit: Miguel Malo E+ Getty Images

Full Answer

Inductive, or "bottom-up," research, by comparison, collects data and observations in order to discern a pattern within them, or to formulate a new theory.

The procedure followed by deductive research can be summarized as follows:

  1. Theory, starting with existing knowledge or assumptions.
  2. Hypothesis, formulating a research question or hypothesis based on existing knowledge, theories or assumptions.
  3. Observation, or data collection.
  4. Confirmation, conclusions drawn on the basis of the observations or data collected, ultimately leading to either confirmation or rejection of the initial theory.
Learn more about Logic & Reasoning

Related Questions

  • Q:

    What is mitigated skepticism?

    A:

    Mitigated skepticism is a philosophical approach that attempts to provide a level of caution in human reasoning. The term was made popular by the 18th-century philosopher David Hume in his essay, "An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding."

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What is a dialectical journal?

    A:

    The purpose of a dialectical journal is for the reader to write down interesting, memorable or important passages in a text as he reads literature. By writing about literature, the reader is able to make personal connections and interpretations.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What does "research is organized curiosity" mean?

    A:

    "Research is formalized curiosity" refers to the process by which someone diligently seeks knowledge while pursuing a passion for a particular subject, according to Wired. The original quote is from Zora Neal Hurston's 1942 autobiography "Dust Tracks on a Road" in which she explains why she didn't do well in her anthropology classes in college.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What does drawing conclusions mean?

    A:

    Drawing conclusions means to process the clues or information presented, such as in a story or conversation, and draw upon one’s own knowledge and experience to understand what is happening. Drawing conclusions is an important skill in reading comprehension.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:

Explore