A deductive, or "top-down," approach to research methodology begins with hypotheses based on existing knowledge or literature. In other words, it seeks to test an established theory.Continue Reading
Inductive, or "bottom-up," research, by comparison, collects data and observations in order to discern a pattern within them, or to formulate a new theory.
The procedure followed by deductive research can be summarized as follows:
Mitigated skepticism is a philosophical approach that attempts to provide a level of caution in human reasoning. The term was made popular by the 18th-century philosopher David Hume in his essay, "An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding."Full Answer >
The purpose of a dialectical journal is for the reader to write down interesting, memorable or important passages in a text as he reads literature. By writing about literature, the reader is able to make personal connections and interpretations.Full Answer >
"Research is formalized curiosity" refers to the process by which someone diligently seeks knowledge while pursuing a passion for a particular subject, according to Wired. The original quote is from Zora Neal Hurston's 1942 autobiography "Dust Tracks on a Road" in which she explains why she didn't do well in her anthropology classes in college.Full Answer >
Drawing conclusions means to process the clues or information presented, such as in a story or conversation, and draw upon one’s own knowledge and experience to understand what is happening. Drawing conclusions is an important skill in reading comprehension.Full Answer >