Cultural diversity refers to having a variety of cultures or human societies within a specific region. Fort Hays State University notes that cultural diversity is possible when individuals accept, acknowledge and value the different ways in which people interact and live in the world. Cultural diversity is based on an understanding that even if people have cultural differences, they desire the same things: acceptance, well-being, security, esteem and equity.
Fort Hays State University reveals that cultural diversity is based on the idea that people should not ignore or discard their cultural identities but rather value and maintain them. The foundation of cultural diversity is that every race or culture contributes positively to social and economic development. A culturally diverse society is characterized by differences in culture, economic background, ethnicity, age, disability, education, geographical background, physical appearance, language, race, political affiliation, sexual orientation and religious beliefs.
UNESCO notes that cultural diversity depends on the flow of human population across borders, and it is a source of creativity, innovation and social exchange. UNESCO reveals that policies for participation and inclusion of all people promote social cohesion, peace and the vitality of a culturally diverse society. Cultural diversity is a means to a more emotional, spiritual, intellectual and moral existence. Fort Hays State University suggests that the idea of cultural diversity should be promoted and taught.