The effects of crime on society include feelings of fear that disrupt the population’s sense of unity, the breakdown of social associations due to habitual avoidance of certain places, an unwillingness to go out at night and damage to the image of the community. The perception of a community as crime ridden can deter people from going there and induce residents to move away. This causes damage to the economy.Continue Reading
The fear of crime in any society is as damaging as the act of crime itself. It is emotionally taxing for the people who live in fear in high-crime communities. The fear of crime can negatively affect the residents' behavior, reduce community organization and deter new businesses from wanting to open in the area for fear of being robbed. This adds to the economic woes of an area heavy with crime. The law enforcement organizations of high-crime areas generally utilize an increased visibility, but this often backfires in low-income areas, causing the population to see the police as the enemy.
Other problems include the fact that victims of crime must deal with increased fear and trauma afterward. Even for those who have not been a victim of a crime, fear can vary depending upon the demographics of the person. Age is a factor because the elderly are more vulnerable. Gender is a factor because women express higher levels of fear of crime than men do. People living in non-white neighborhoods are more fearful of crime that those living in predominantly white areas, explains Flourish Itulua-Abumere. Crime can even change the appearance of neighborhoods, since gates and window guards detract from the aesthetic look of the community.Learn more about Social Sciences
The term "social climate" is a sociological term that refers to the general feelings, attitudes, beliefs and opinions on a subject within society. Social climate is closely related to ideas such as the political climate, which refers to the general feelings of the public about modern political issues, and the Zeitgeist school of thought, which refers to the dominant intellectual beliefs of society during a particular time frame.Full Answer >
Nationalism stems from internal or external forces pressuring unity and cohesion among individuals in societies, and produces wide-ranging effects, from a distinct but peaceful national identity to mobilization for warfare, racism and hostility towards disliked groups. Nationalism stems from two primary concepts. Experts embracing the modernist theory assert that nationalism stems from a political catalyst, uniting people based on social norms and national borders, while those supporting the primordial theory assert that people naturally identify with those similar to themselves in physical appearance, social customs and beliefs, causing the formation of bonds among similar individuals.Full Answer >
Some stereotypes of elderly people are positive, such as the idea that wisdom comes with age and that an elderly person's wide range of experience results in intelligence and good sense; other stereotypes of elderly people are negative, such as the idea that elderly people are stuck in another time and baffled by and out of touch with contemporary society. In some cases, these stereotypes represent a fundamental truth about an elderly person, but age does not lead to a single experience and not all elderly people are out of touch with society. Other stereotypes of elderly people include the idea that people reach a certain age where they stop being useful in society and the idea that old people are stubborn and unwilling to try new things.Full Answer >
Because sociology is the study of human behavior in society, which is governed by values, in one sense sociology cannot be value-free. The goal of sociologists is to be value-neutral, meaning they do not bring their own prejudices to research.Full Answer >