What Are Conventions in Poetry?

Stephen Chernin/Getty Images News/Getty Images

Conventions in poetry refer to the structure, which includes stanza, free verse and sonnet. Analyzing the conventions of poetry can help reveal how the rhythm and sound elements are linked to the content.

In addition to the structure of poetry, other patterns and techniques contribute to the meaning of the poem. For instance, narrative poetry focuses on telling a story while lyric poetry emphasizes the emotions and feelings, as well as sensory reflections and thoughts.

No matter the type of poetry, the meter emphasizes the relationship between the stressed and unstressed syllables. Metrical variations include trochaic foot, anapestic foot, dactylic foot and spondee.