A good theory should explain the observations or results of an experiment or phenomena, being understandable to a lay person while also being reasonable enough to allow for further testings. A good theory should also be frugal in their nature so others can test it, and they should also be predictive.Continue Reading
They should encourage further testing and expansions of the hypothesis. Good theories mean that others should be able to test them and, if possible, disprove them. This doesn't mean that theories should be disprovable, but that they should be designed so that they are neither impossible to be proved or disproved. In this way, theories should be made to facilitate further research and insights, not discourage them.
Theories should be able to predict what will happen from a given experiment. This is what gives them a better standing because their basis is not on pure speculation but informed hypothesizing. Good theories focus on the effects, not the causes of a phenomena. They are also never regarded as statements of fact, but instead of likelihood. Theories aren't regarded as facts because they are frequently revised and rethought. To say a theory is a fact, is to take away the notion that they could ever be further tested and reformed, a practice highly important and regarded by the scientific community.Learn more about Logic & Reasoning
The rhetorical triangle is a theory of formal argumentation based on ideas first proposed by Aristotle. An argument is mapped on a triangle in which each of the three points are represented by three elements of argumentation: ethos, logos and pathos. Ethos represents the form or manner of the argument, logos represents the central message or idea, while pathos is the emotive force.Full Answer >
Evolution theory, developed by Charles Darwin, exchanged the concept of fixed species with the idea of evolution, made possible by the vehicle of natural selection. Evolution theory is often associated with Marxism and could explain the social theory due to the similarities between the two.Full Answer >
According to Explorable, scientific research is important because it helps generate a theory to explain why something is happening. Scientific research involves testing hypotheses and predictions using testable data and a full battery of scientific tools and methods.Full Answer >
One of the most common examples of illogical reasoning is the straw man argument, which often entails either isolating a particular part of an argument before then presenting it as an entirely individual or separate position, or using a very early form of a theory to support a case while ignoring the fully developed theory itself (attacking Darwinism using only Darwin's work as a source for example, ignores all the progress made since, so is not valid). Finding a source that offers an extreme view or unrealistic account of a position, then treating it as fact, is also a straw man argumentFull Answer >