A headache on the top of the head is a symptom of a tension headache, a common condition that can be caused by lack of sleep, stress and hunger, according to WebMD. Additional triggers of tension headaches include anxiousness and depression.
Other symptoms of a tension headache include a tight feeling that spreads across the forehead, scalp tenderness, and pain on both sides of the head, according to Mayo Clinic. Individuals with tension headaches may also experience pain in the neck and shoulders. The duration of a tension headache can be as short as 30 minutes to as long as one week. Tension headaches that occur more than 15 times in a one-month period are considered chronic.
Treatments for tension headaches include nonprescription medications, such as aspirin or ibuprofen, as well as prescription and over-the-counter muscle relaxers, according to MedlinePlus. Individuals with chronic tension headaches may also benefit from acupuncture treatments or Botox injections. Chronic tension headaches can also occur if medication is taken for more than three days in a row, as it can create a rebound effect. It is important for individuals with symptoms of a tension headache to seek immediate medical treatment if symptoms are accompanied by severe pain, vomiting or vision disturbances.