Industrialization, modernization and economic opportunity cause urbanization, or an increase in the number of people moving from rural to urban areas. Urban areas offer better opportunities for employment, housing and education, and city living allows people to benefit from diversity and marketplace competition.Continue Reading
Cities offer access to wealth and services that many rural areas lack. Rural inhabitants typically move to cities to exploit economic opportunities and improve their social mobility. In some developing countries, urbanization results from farmers and others with little political power losing their land and moving to cities when conflicts arise over land rights. Similarly, violence and war cause people to flee from rural areas and seek safety in cities. The lack of specialist services in rural areas further stimulates urbanization. Students move to cities to attend universities, and the elderly move closer to hospitals and health services. Some people move to cities to seek out and join specific social communities.
The agricultural and industrial revolutions first sparked urban growth in the late 18th century and throughout the 19th century. The increasing number of factories in urban areas created a need for labor. In the United States and Europe, rural workers moved to the cities to satisfy this need. This initial movement was succeeded by the movement of others to provide various services for these workers. Each increase in the concentration of population further increased the social and economic opportunities for new migrants.Learn more about Population & Demography
The Business Dictionary defines exponential growth as an increase in number or size at a constantly increasing rate. Math Planet explains that exponential growth is represented by an exponential function, which is a nonlinear function with the form, y = ab^x, where a does not equal zero and b is greater than zero. The graph of any exponential growth function rises from left to right in a curved line.Full Answer >
For purposes of regulating outdoor advertising and classifying highways, the Federal Highway Administration of the U.S. Department of Transportation defines rural areas as locales situated outside areas with populations of 5,000 people, explains its website. However, for planning purposes, the body defines these areas in terms of proximity to metropolitan centers with populations of 50,000 or more people. In contrast, the U.S. Census Bureau views areas that do not fit its definition of urban as rural, notes its website.Full Answer >
The population of people with Nepalese heritage is growing in Canada, with the highest numbers in Toronto and its surrounding areas. Because of this, the Nepalese Canadian Heritage Centre is located in Brampton, Ontario, a suburb of Toronto.Full Answer >
Most people in India live in the rural areas; they account for 73 percent of the total population. The remaining 27 percent live in the cities and towns.Full Answer >