Prepyloric stomach inflammation is a form of gastritis that can be caused by nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications, excessive alcohol consumption, bacterial infection or genetic predisposition, explains Health Tap. Prepyloric stomach inflammation is inflammation of the stomach lining near the bottom of the stomach at the pylorus, a structure separating the stomach from the small intestine.
Other risk factors for the development of stomach inflammation include stress, autoimmune disorders and the presence of other medical conditions such as Crohn's disease or parasitic infection, according to Mayo Clinic. There are certain foods that can increase stomach acidity and lead to gastritis such as fried food, foods high in fat, acidic foods such as citrus fruits and spicy foods. Stomach inflammation results from the weakening of the mucous membrane such that the acidic liquid within the stomach causes damage to the stomach lining. If stomach inflammation goes untreated, it can lead to bleeding and ulcers. In rare cases chronic gastritis can lead to stomach cancer by increasing the likelihood of cellular mutation in the tissue lining the stomach.
Acute or sudden gastritis is often helped by medications that reduce or neutralize stomach acid, such as over-the-counter antacids or proton pump inhibitors such as Prilosec, states Mayo Clinic. Chronic gastritis is often caused by bacterial infection with H. pylori and is treated with antibiotics.