The causes of poverty in South Africa are numerous and complicated. A history of apartheid has exacerbated income inequality over the decades, with Africans, Asians and other non-whites restricted to low-quality education and health care with few opportunities for employment. Consultancy Africa Initiative, also known as CAI, believes that this poverty is symptomatic of a larger, systematic inequality in South African society and culture.Continue Reading
Unemployment, poverty and race are all strongly linked in South Africa. The elite minority, composed mostly of whites, was only 9.2 percent of the 2008 population, but held 40.3 percent of the income.
In 1995, the South African government determined the poverty line as an urban household of two adults and three children earning less than R840 per month, or roughly $80. The government launched the Expanded Public Works Programme, or EPWP, to create temporary jobs that provided income and relief for the unemployed, and is instituting affirmative-action policies aimed at black job applicants.
The government has also guaranteed free health care for children up to age 6 and pregnant women, created programs that educate children on basic nutrition and restructured health-care services to target the poor in rural areas. The government has also provided funding to renovate and restructure schools and instituted affirmative-action policies to allow disadvantaged black children to compete on a more even footing with their white or colored peers.Learn more about Social Sciences
As of February 2014, based on the BankservAfrica Disposable Salary Index, the average salary in South Africa is R11,641. This average salary is 6.4 percent higher than in 2013.Full Answer >
South Africa was colonized by two different powers, the Dutch and the English. The Dutch East India Company established the first colony in 1652. The British took over the colony in 1795, returned it during the Peace of Amiens in 1802, and then re-occupied it in 1809.Full Answer >
South Africa is famous for its former president, Nelson Mandela, Kruger National Park and a variety of gem stones and minerals. Approximately 50 percent of the world's gold reserves are located in South Africa. The country is also the third largest exporter of coal in the world, in addition to being one of the world's leading producers of diamonds. This includes the rare 25.5 carat blue diamond discovered in 2014.Full Answer >
South Africa became independent from Great Britain on December 11, 1931, but the British monarch remained head of state. On May 31, 1961, the country became a republic, severing all formal ties with Great Britain.Full Answer >