Neurological conditions such as Parkinson's disease and primary or functional psychiatric conditions are some causes of hypokinesis, according to the Diseases Database. Hypokinesis is often associated with heart failure, cardiomyopathy or a heart attack, says the Texas Heart Institute.
Hypokinesis, also referred to as hypokinesia, is decreased heart wall and muscle movement during each heartbeat, explains the Texas Heart Institute. Doctors use echocardiography to determine decreased heart wall motion and possible hypokinesia. Hypokinesia is also referred to as bradykinesia and both terms are used interchangeably, according to the Diseases Database. While hypokinesia refers to a tendency to move less, bradykinesia involves slower movement, according to the Merck Manual.
Some studies show an increased incidence of hypokinesia after an S-adenosylmethionine intracranial injection often used in relation to treating Parkinsons disease, as reported by PubMed. Congenital and valvular heart failure, amyloid heart disease and lack of left ventricular function may also result in hypokinesis, possibly accompanied by pericardial effusion. Risks for heart failure, and in extension hypokinesis, include coronary artery disease, irregular heartbeats, congenital heart defects, alcohol and drug abuse, says the Texas Heart Institute. Additional risk factors include a build up of iron in the body, previous heart attacks and heart valve diseases.