Poverty, a lack of investment in agriculture, natural disasters, conflict, displacement and rising global food prices are some of the causes of food shortages. Hunger crises develop when people face food shortages for prolonged periods without intervention by governments and aid agencies.Continue Reading
Poor people cannot afford to buy or grow food, and impoverished farmers cannot produce large harvests because they cannot afford fertilizers and irrigation systems. In developing countries, lack of investment in agriculture and infrastructure leads to high transport costs, an unreliable supply of water and a shortage of storage facilities. Natural disasters, such as droughts, floods and earthquakes, affect food production. Subsistence farmers typically have greater difficulty recovering than commercial farmers.
War interrupts farming activities, and consequent displacement separates people from their usual sources of food. In some conflict areas, warring factions steal food aid and block commercial food deliveries. The steady rise in global food prices also hampers people's ability to feed their families. Some governments provide food subsidies or limit exports to keep food affordable.
Food crises typically occur when some of these causes of hunger combine to produce serious emergencies. The Ethiopian famine of the 1980s, which resulted in the deaths of thousands of people, was triggered by a catastrophic drought coupled with conflict.Learn more about Social Sciences
Political instability can be caused by many factors, including conflict between rival parties, insufficient resources and the proximity to other nations in conflict. Political instability occurs when there is a sudden change. This sudden change can leave citizens in doubt about their nation's situation and may lead to revolt.Full Answer >
Famine, a severe shortage of food affecting a large number of people, can be the result of either man-made or natural causes. Natural causes include droughts, plant disease, insect plagues, floods and earthquakes. The human causes include poverty, war, deliberate crop destruction and the inefficient distribution of food.Full Answer >
The major global issues relate to war, international conflict, terrorism, human rights, financial crises, economics, food and agriculture. Additional relevant topics are public health and diseases, and environmental problems.Full Answer >
The most important step to stopping world hunger is to help people provide for themselves with sustainable agriculture. If they have their own reliable supplies of food, regions do not need to depend on foreign aid. Another effective way is to give poor people access to small amounts of credit so that they can start businesses to grow their local economies.Full Answer >