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What are some causes of "deviance"?

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Quick Answer

Some causes of deviance include poverty, mental illness, learned behaviors and possibly even inherited traits. Deviant behavior is caused by complex interactions of psychological, sociological, economic and biological forces that encourage individuals to rebel against societal norms.

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What are some causes of "deviance"?
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Full Answer

There are numerous conflicting theories on the causes of deviant behavior, but the main ones fall into three categories: functionalist, conflict and symbolic interactionism. Functionalist theories hold that the proper or improper functioning of an individual within a culture determines his deviance. Conflict theories apply Marxist theories of power politics to deviant behavior. Symbolic interactionism holds that a person generally behave in accord with a social understanding of reality. For instance, a person might view himself as a criminal because he was labeled a delinquent when young and is therefore likely to commit criminal acts.

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Related Questions

  • Q:

    What are the functions of deviance?

    A:

    The four functions of deviance are the confirmation of values, the continual push for change within a society, the bonded of members within society, and the distinguishing between right and wrong. ?mile Durkheim postulated these functions in response to the theory that deviance is actually a necessary element of society.

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  • Q:

    Why is deviance considered social construction?

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    Deviance is considered a social construct because it is defined strictly by what a particular society defines as normal. What is deviant in one society is not necessarily deviant in another.

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    Who are some famous people with mental illness?

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  • Q:

    What is secondary deviance in sociology?

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    Deviance in sociology refers to traits that fall outside accepted cultural norms, and a secondary deviance alters a person's self-perception after the performance of a deviant act; the initial deviant act is considered the primary deviance. Secondary deviance is believed to be more serious, because the labeling or stigma becomes a self-fulfilling prophecy.

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