Blood panel test results for a basic metabolic panel reveal how well the liver, kidney and heart are functioning based on the body's calcium, blood glucose and electrolyte levels, explains Everyday Health. Lipoprotein panel results reveal blood fat levels, such as cholesterol and triglycerides, to determine heart disease risk.
A basic metabolic panel test measures the levels of eight substances in the blood, including potassium, sodium and calcium, that healthy cells need, notes University of Rochester Medical Center. The test measures creatinine and urea nitrogen, or BUN, by-products of normal-functioning kidneys. It also measures carbon dioxide, which shows how well the lungs and kidneys are working; chloride, which shows how well the body is maintaining fluids; and glucose, which shows whether the body has a proper level of that energy source.