Some of the essential beliefs of Confucianism are that people must maintain a sense of doing what is right, serve their superiors diligently and loyally, display benevolence towards others and that an ideal ruler should influence others by moral example. Confucianism holds to a humanistic outlook in which the secular is sacred. People are expected to perform and adhere to specific rules and rituals based on societal hierarchy in their interactions with each other.Continue Reading
Considered a philosophical and ethical system more than a religion, Confucianism places an emphasis on family and ethics rather than on salvation through a transcendent divine being. Humans are seen as being improvable, teachable and perfectible through self-cultivation and their communal and personal endeavors. The promotion of the virtues encompassed by the Wuchang, or Five Virtues, characterize Confucian ethics. These virtues are Ren (humaneness), Yi (righteousness or justice), Li (proper rite), Zhi (knowledge) and Xin (integrity). Confucianism views with contempt any person who fails to uphold the cardinal moral imperatives of Ren or Yi.
The classical Confucian teachings were key to the orthodox state ideologies of Chinese dynasties, particularly the Han Dynasty (202 BC-220 AD), when they received state support and were taught in upper-class society. Countries that were influenced by Confucian thought include China, Taiwan, Korea, Japan and Vietnam.Learn more about Religion
The five relationships of Confucianism are father and son, elder brother and younger brother, husband and wife, older friend and younger friend, and ruler and subject. Confucius saw these relationships as the building blocks of a civilized society. A particular set of behaviors must be maintained in each relationship, which comes from the development of deliberate traditions. Without them, he believed humans would return to anarchy.Full Answer >
Confucianism originated with the teachings of Kong Qiu, or Confucius, a philosopher and statesman who tried to implement his teachings in government during his service within the Lu State during the Autumn and Spring period of Chinese history. The records commonly attributed to Confucius are second-hand accounts by his disciples written years after his death. Confucius' teachings gained widespread popularity due to subsequent philosophers such as Mencius and Xunzi.Full Answer >
The two major holidays of Confucianism are the birthday of Confucius and the Chinese New Year. The dates of these holidays follow the lunar calendar. In 2014, the New Year was celebrated on January 31 and Confucius' birthday was celebrated on September 20.Full Answer >
China's three most ancient religions - Confucianism, Taoism and Buddhism- all share an emphasis on ethical codes of conduct as a means of harmonizing their followers with the universe. Confucianism and Taoism are more closely related to each other in that their founders are viewed as ordinary albeit very wise mortal men and not prophets or spiritual leaders.Full Answer >