Australia is famous for the Sydney Opera House, the Harbour Bridge, kangaroos, koalas, the Outback, the Great Barrier Reef, its convict colony history, Shiraz and Uluru. Australia is an island located in the Pacific and Indian oceans. The island is both a country and a continent.
As of 2014, Australia's population is approximately 20,351,000, with most of the population living on the southeast coast. The capital is Canberra; however, the city of Sydney is the location of some of Australia's iconic landmarks, including the Sydney Opera house and Harbour Bridge.
Rural desert areas known as the Outback are found in the Kimberley Region of Western Australia and Arnhem Land in the Northern Territory. The world's largest rock, Uluru, is also found in the Northern Territory. Australia is home to about 130 species of marsupials, such as wombats, koalas and kangaroos, which live in the Outback and rainforests of the country.
The Great Barrier Reef is located on the coast of Queensland. This reef is the world's largest single structure comprised of living organisms. Australia also has several wine-making regions, such as Hunter Valley. Shiraz is the country's most popular wine, and was brought to Australia in 1832 by James Busby.
The country was founded as a British convict colony in 1788. Its history can still be seen in in several sites, such as the Port Arthur convict settlement in Tanzania.