**The solution to a multiplication problem is called the "product."** For example, the product of 2 and 3 is 6. When the word "product" appears in a mathematical word problem, it is a sign that multiplication is necessary.

Each of the four basic arithmetical operations has a special term indicating the result. For addition, the word is "sum," for subtraction it is "difference," and for division it is "quotient." The word product comes from the Latin word "producere," meaning to "bring forth" or "draw out." The word quotient comes from the Latin word "quotiens," meaning "how many times." The word sum is also from Latin and is short for "summus," meaning "highest."