The Age of Enlightenment, also known as the age of reason, was important because it was able to shed light onto the ways of scientific thinking and help the world better understand how the scientific processes worked. Until the Age of Enlightenment, only a select few scientists and mathematicians understood science and the way that it affected the world.Continue Reading
The Enlightenment allowed people to look at situations, both scientific and philosophical, in a more rational way. The Enlightenment helped to set up theories and laws that were proven to be true. These theories and laws became known to all people and became the basis for thinking. Reason for equality was also discussed and erected during this time frame, beginning in the late 17th century.
One of the famous figures during the Enlightenment was Rousseau. Due to everything being questioned, Rousseau began to question the reason behind why kings were in their positions. It had been believed that kings were given the divine rights by God, but Rousseau worked to prove that the rights were simply given by the will of the people, whether knowingly or not. Others who followed Rousseau's theory became optimistic that the way of the human world would change once everyone accepted the fact that the power was given by people and not by God.Learn more about Buddhism
The Enlightenment influenced the American Revolution in numerous ways, with core Enlightenment ideals including liberty, equality and justice leading the creation of conditions for the American Revolution and the Constitution that followed. Many ideas and concepts, including natural rights, freedom from oppression, and innovative ways of thinking regarding government structure came directly from Enlightenment philosophers, and helped to form firm foundations for colonialism and modern day America.Full Answer >
Denis Diderot had an important influence on the Enlightenment in several ways, but particularly through his editorship of the Encyclopedia. This scholarly work, which consisted of 28 volumes, had contributions from many of the most prominent Enlightenment figures.Full Answer >
Some interesting facts about the Enlightenment period are that it was caused by the Thirty Years' War and that the Enlightenment period began in 1648. Some of the first people to take the plunge into Enlightenment were authors John Comenius and Hugo Grotius.Full Answer >
Voltaire's contributions to Enlightenment philosophy were primarily in the form of the popularization of British ideals amongst French intellectuals and his outspoken calls to action when it came to promoting the "common sense" ideas of the Enlightenment. According to Oxford University's Voltaire Society, Voltaire's contributions to the Enlightenment were generally not particularly original, and his philosophy was based heavily on the works of English writers like Newton and Locke.Full Answer >