Proponents of nationalization argue that it provides unequivocal economic benefits, including promoting productivity, efficiency, and creating economic stability. Nationalization occurs when governments tap into key industries often controlled and regulated by the private sector, including transportation, manufacturing and electricity. Those who favor nationalization argue that the government, by assuming regulatory control over these industries, makes the economy operate in a way that benefits the majority of the population instead of a small, elite class.
Those in favor of nationalization contend that it asserts critical government control and regulation of prices, which prevents power exploitation and escalated market prices that are more common under free market systems, when the private sector is left in charge of setting its own prices. In turn, proponents argue that government control prevents the private-sector exploitation of monopoly power. Supports of nationalization also contend that it creates social equality and provides greater access to basic needs for the poor and underserviced by providing them with government subsidies and services. Nationalization also frequently draws support from labor unions, who feel that they receive better treatment overall with government regulation than in markets dominated by the private sector. Lastly, nationalization enables governments to make long-term investments in markets, which creates some degree of economic predictability and stability.