What Are the 10 Commandments for Catholics?

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The Catholic Ten Commandments are those commands of God listed in Exodus 20:1-17. The commandments summarize the laws of God, with the first three commandments dealing with mankind’s relationship to God and the remaining seven dealing with mankind’s relationship to other people.

The first commandment is: “I am the Lord your God; you shall have no strange gods before me.” The second and third commands are a prohibition against misusing God’s name and an obligation to keep the Sabbath day to honor God. The next commandment is to “Honor your father and mother.” The remaining commandments are all prohibitions. They prohibit murder, adultery, stealing, giving false testimony about a person or coveting a person’s wife or goods.

The Catholic Church observes that Jesus confirmed the importance of keeping the Ten Commandments in Matthew 19:16-21, and note that to follow Jesus involves keeping this law. The Church also observes in the Compendium to its Catechism that “The Ten Commandments form an organic and indivisible whole because each commandment refers to the other commandments and to the entire Decalogue. To break one commandment, therefore, is to violate the entire law.” It also notes that means keeping the Ten Commandments is with the Spirit of Jesus and His grace.