Computers are used in the engineering field for design, modeling, analysis and communication. Computers are capable of generating models that allow engineers to simulate conditions and perform tests. Computers help identify potential errors and provide solutions before products or structures are developed, which saves time, materials and capital. The engineering field uses computers for assistance with precise and detailed processes.
One of the most popular computer tools employed by engineers is CAD, or computer-aided drafting software. This type of software helps engineers create designs, analyze equipment and optimize engineering processes. Computers use CAD software to analyze how certain conditions may affect the engineer's design and understand which safety precautions may be necessary for different processes. For example, an engineer may use software to simulate how a bridge would hold up under stress from inclement weather, earthquakes or heavy traffic. Engineers may then use these results to make decisions and develop solutions to any problems that arise.
Computers are useful for solving multifaceted problems and performing complex calculations more accurately and faster than humans. One primary example is software tools that are used for storing and sorting data. Computers are capable of accessing and storing large quantities of information quickly, which saves times and improves efficiency.