Although Erwin Schrodinger discovered many things in his lifetime, he is primarily known for his contributions to the fundamentals of the quantum theory. In 1933, Schrodinger was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics for the discovery of new productive forms of atomic theory.
Erwin Schrodinger made contributions to a number of fields of physics, including statistical mechanics, thermodynamics, electrodynamics, general relativity, color theory, cosmology and the physics of dielectrics. However, he is most well-known for formulating the wave equation, today known as the Schrodinger equation, which describes the time evolution of the quantum state of a physical system. Following extensive communication with Albert Einstein, he also proposed what is popularly known as Schrodinger's cat thought experiment.