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What is a swamp adder?

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Quick Answer

The swamp adder, scientifically known as the Proatheris superciliaris, according to Biodiversity Explorer, is a venomous type of viper that lives in Central Mozambique. It was featured as the most venomous snake in India in a Sherlock Holmes story, "The Adventure of the Speckled Band," but the story is fictitious.

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Full Answer

The swamp adder feeds on frogs, toads and small rodents and is native to East Africa. It is identified by its grey-brown or reddish-brown coloration and the three rows of brown spots and yellow lines that run down the length of its body. It also has a yellow or orange-tipped tail, according to Biodiversity Explorer.

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