Squirrels protect themselves by running, hiding and fighting. Fighting, such as scratching and biting, is usually a last-ditch effort for squirrels. Running and even camouflaging themselves are their first instincts when faced with possible danger.Continue Reading
According to Welcome Wildlife, squirrels run and even swim when evading pursuers. At other times, they remain perfectly motionless and camouflage themselves against the bark of trees. Squirrels also like to keep objects such as tree trunks between them and danger. Because trees are so important to their natural defenses, squirrels hunt and build nests in them.
Some species of squirrel are more aggressive than others. For instance, the red squirrels of Minnesota are more likely to fight off attackers if they must. This aggressive behavior extends to other squirrels even of the same species. They're fiercely territorial, and each squirrel has its own acre or two of space.
The California ground squirrel, on the other hand, developed specific protective techniques through evolution and adaptation. This species is immune to the venom of the Northern Pacific rattlesnake, its neighbor and natural predator. This species also signals with its tail, called a tail-flag, in order to warn off the snake and let the snake know that it knows the snake is there.Learn more about Rodents
In North America, two distinct species of flying squirrels, northern and southern, live in various parts of the country. Each species has a membrane between their legs that allows them to glide through the air from tree to tree. Being nocturnal rodents, their activities are rarely observed by people.Full Answer >
Most tree-dwelling squirrels, such as red and gray squirrels, do not hibernate during winter and stay active throughout the day as long as the temperature does not fall below 30 degrees Fahrenheit. Ground squirrels, especially those that can be found in the Arctic, Alaska and Canada, do practice hibernation.Full Answer >
According to RedBeacon, squirrels hate the smell of peppermint and spicy peppers. Peppermint gives off a strong aroma that discourages squirrels from venturing into an area. Spicy aromas, such as that from cayenne peppers, serve as a natural squirrel repellent. Jalapeño peppers mixed with vinegar and water serve a similar purpose in keeping squirrels at bay.Full Answer >
Squirrels often make a "barking" sound as an alarm call. This sound is called a "kuk." It is sharp and short, with a broad frequency similar to a dog's bark.Full Answer >