The scientific name for a black panther is Panthera pardus. The animal belongs to the kingdom Animalia, the phylum Cordata and the class Mammalia. Black panthers are in the order Carnivora, the family Felidae and the genus Panthera.
There are 31 different species of black panthers, all of which live on the continents of Asia, Africa and South America. The animal prefers to live in forests, swamplands or grasslands. Black panthers have an average life span of 12 to 15 years and weigh anywhere from 80 to 350 pounds. They have top speeds of 71 miles per hour and live solitary lifestyles.