The grasshopper belongs to the order Orthoptera and the suborder Caelifera. The suborder Caelifera separates grasshoppers from the katydid and cricket.Continue Reading
The classification of the grasshopper begins with the domain Eukarya encompassing all eukaryotic cells. Animalia is the kingdom with the taxon being multicellular, eukaryotic and heterotropic. Grasshoppers are then divided into phylum Arthropoda, meaning "joint foot." Arthropods are invertebrates with segmented bodies, exoskeletons, jointed appendages and bilateral symmetry. Arthropods evolved in the Cambrian period 500 to 600 million years ago.
Grasshoppers are organized into the class Insecta from the Latin "cut into pieces." As such, all insects have three main body parts, namely the head, thorax and abdomen. Taxons under Insecta also have a pair of antennae, compound eyes, two pairs of wings, three pairs of legs, complex mouth parts and take part in metamorphosis.
Orthoptera is the order with the Latin root meaning "straight wing." The order evolved more than 300 million years ago with enlarged hind legs, mandibulate mouthparts and large compound eyes. Grasshoppers are then placed in the suborder Caelifera with specific characteristics such as the length of antennae and ovipositors, as well as feeding habits and location of the auditory organs, distinguishing the suborder from the katydid and cricket.Learn more about Grasshoppers
An adult grasshopper is capable of leaping 10 times its length straight into the air and 20 times its length horizontally. If a man had the same abilities, he could jump over a five-story building and clear a football field in three leaps.Full Answer >
Grasshoppers possess the ability to shed one or both hind limbs in the event of a predator attack or limb damage; however, the lost limb will never grow back. This process is called autotomy.Full Answer >
Grasshoppers have 10 pairs of spiracles, making a total of 20. Eight of these pairs are located along the abdomen, while two are thoracic. Spiracles are part of the respiratory, or tracheal, system of the grasshopper.Full Answer >
The height a grasshopper jumps has been calculated at 20 times its length in a broad jump or 10 times its length in a high jump. If a person could jump the same ratio, he could clear buildings with ease.Full Answer >