Raccoons are omnivores and eat foods from both plant and animal sources; their diet is highly dependent on the food available where they live. According to PBS.org, a raccoon's typical diet includes fruits, nuts, plants, insects, berries, eggs, frogs and crayfish. The largest volume of their diet comes from plants and invertebrates. In urban areas and campgrounds, humans often see them scavenging through garbage cans looking for discarded food.Continue Reading
The original habitat of the raccoon was in the tropics, where riverbanks provided plenty of opportunities for foraging for frogs and crustaceans. They lived in burrows or cavities in trees of the forests of North America. Predators for raccoons included coyotes and foxes.
Over time, raccoons moved north. Barns and other human outbuildings provide raccoons shelter from the cold weather, allowing them to survive in areas far from their origin. This migration has lead to sightings as far north as Alaska.
This migration took them from the forest to urban areas, where they do very well. Raccoons find shelter under homes and in storm sewers. The garbage and pet foods of humans provide a constant supply of food, even when their natural sources are scarce. Additionally, the city is relatively free of predators and laws restrict human hunting or trapping of these animals.Learn more about Mammals
An animal's niche refers to its place in its ecological food chain, and a coyote's niche is at the top of the food chain as it does not have many, if any, predators. The coyote is a ferocious predator that preys on many animals leading to a reduction of animal populations of small carnivore creatures such as white-tailed deer and red fox.Full Answer >
Woodchucks, also known as groundhogs, usually follow an herbivorous diet, feeding mainly on grasses, bark, fruits, berries and other plant material. Groundhogs sometimes eat small animals, such as grasshoppers, snails and grubs. Some groundhogs eat nuts, but unlike other members of the squirrel family, they don't bury them.Full Answer >
To get rid of a skunk, remove its shelter and food sources, analyze the damage, choose a pest control method and fence your yard. Begin your skunk control before spring, which marks the beginning of its breeding season.Full Answer >
Raccoons are opportunistic feeders, so they are sometimes active during the day so they can take advantage of particular food sources. The Humane Society states that it is normal for raccoons to be out during the day foraging or traveling, and that the raccoon is not necessarily dangerous or sick.Full Answer >