Known for their short, furry tails and long ears, rabbits are a common mammal found throughout the world. These animals often live together in underground holes and tunnels, called burrows. A group of these burrows is called a warren.
While they can easily make their home in the wild, rabbits are also commonly kept as household pets. A pet rabbit makes its home in a large cage called a hutch.
Where Do Rabbits Live?
Rabbits live in regions throughout the world, but more than half of their population is found in North America. According to
Live Science, the only regions where you won’t find rabbits are southern South America, Madagascar, the West Indies and many islands in southeast Asia.
Rabbits have a gestation period of just 28 to 30 days, and up to 14 rabbits are born in each litter. This allows them to reproduce and spread very quickly. In areas like Australia and New Zealand, rabbits were introduced by early settlers. They have reproduced so rapidly that they are now considered an invasive species.
Like deer, the male rabbit is called a buck while the female rabbits are called does. Young rabbits are known as kits, or kittens. A group of wild rabbits is called a fluffle, herd or a colony. Many people also lovingly refer to rabbits as bunnies.
What Do Rabbits Eat?
All rabbits are herbivores. This means they eat food that comes from plants. A common rabbit diet might include grasses, vegetables and seeds. Most wild rabbits consume mainly grass, but they need to eat an enormous amount to sustain themselves. Pet rabbits usually don’t have access to the amount of grass needed to survive. So, they need a supplemental diet of hay, vegetables, and dry food.
The process of eating is important for rabbits. Their teeth never stop growing. Instead, they’re worn down over time as they chew their food.
Different Rabbit Breeds
There are more than 60 rabbit breeds, but they all descend from one common ancestor: the wild rabbit. Rabbit breeds differ greatly in terms of size, weight, and color. Some of the smallest breeds weigh just 2 pounds, while the largest weigh over 14 pounds. If you want a pet rabbit, popular low-maintenance breeds include the Dutch, Polish, Holland Lop and Dwarf Hotot.
Interesting Rabbit Facts
There’s more to rabbits than meets the eye. While it seems surprising, these small animals are more similar to horses than any other animal. Both animals have similar eyes, ears and teeth. There are also many likenesses in the ways they behave and eat. Here are some other fun rabbit facts:
- Rabbits are most active at dusk and at dawn
- Pet rabbits are easy to train and can be housebroken
- Rabbits have a blind spot in front of their nose
- Jackrabbits can run up to 45 miles per hour
- Rabbits are born without fur
- Rabbit ears can be up to 4-inches long
- Rabbits are born with their eyes closed