The average African elephant weighs between 2.5 and 7 tons, and the average Asian elephant weighs anywhere from 2.5 to 5.5 tons. Given its size, the African elephant is the largest living land mammal on Earth.
In addition to their enormous weight, African elephants stand anywhere from 8.2 feet to over 13 feet at the shoulder. Asian elephants measure between 6.6 and 9.8 feet. According to National Geographic, elephants maintain their spectacular weight by consuming up to 300 pounds of food in a day. Their diet includes roots, fruit and grass.
The two types of elephants are distinguished from each other by their ear shape. The Asian elephant has smaller, rounded ears, and African elephants have colossal ears that somewhat resemble the shape of their native continent.