As of 2009, there are 270 species of turtles, and more are being discovered. Turtles have been on the Earth for 230 million years and predate dinosaurs. Turtles have developed multiple habitats and live anywhere except the Arctic and Antarctic.Continue Reading
The desert tortoise lives in hot, dry environments. The Malayan box turtle lives in hot, humid and aquatic environments. The Vietnamese wood turtle lives in wooded, cool limestone mountains. The diamondback terrapin lives in brackish water throughout the eastern and southern United States.
There are seven species of sea turtles, including the green, leatherback, loggerhead, hawksbill, Kemp's ridley, olive ridley and flatback sea turtles. All turtles have shells that they cannot remove. Shells are used as protection from weather and predators. The largest turtle is the leatherback sea turtle at 95 inches long, and the smallest turtle is the speckled cape padloper tortoise measuring 3 inches. Female sea turtles lay 50 to 200 eggs in nests on the beach and return to the sea. The eggs hatch under the sand, and the hatchlings crawl toward the sea. Only about 1 in 1,000 hatchlings will survive into adulthood. Other turtles create nests in similar ways and do not attend to their nests.Learn more about Turtles
A turtle's diet depends on the species and whether it is held in captivity. For example, a wild turtle eats wild plants and small animals, such as insects and worms, while a pet turtle is typically fed a diet of store-bought produce, including cabbage, strawberries and carrots. Some pet turtles also eat proteins, such as guppies.Full Answer >
Wild turtles eat shrimp, worms, water plants, frogs and fish, but the specific diet varies depending on the species. Some species of turtles are carnivores and eat only meat, and some eat only vegetation, but the majority of turtles are omnivores and eat both plants and other animals.Full Answer >
While it's difficult to determine the exact lifespan of a particular species of sea turtle, some sea turtles have been known to live 50 years or more. They have a similar lifespan to humans.Full Answer >
Whether a baby turtle hibernates depends on the species; typically non-tropical species hibernate, while tropical species don’t hibernate. BoxTurtles.com notes that hibernation is a delicate process that can be fatal if executed improperly; therefore, there’s not a specific age, but certain conditions, that determine when a turtle will begin hibernation.Full Answer >