As of 2014, it is estimated that roughly 250,000 leopards are left in the world. Leopards are no longer present in approximately 40 percent of their historic habitats in Africa and 50 percent of their historic range in Asia.
The leopard is the smallest of the four "big cats," but it is arguably the most versatile. Its historic range covers nearly every land type and climate, from dry true deserts and humid rain forests to the cold boreal forests of eastern Russia. Despite its adaptability, leopard species are in a near-continuous decline due to deforestation, hunting and encroaching human establishments. The Amur leopard is one of the rarest, most-endangered cat species on the planet with less than 30 known to still exist.