Lions survive by sticking together in groups referred to as prides, which can have as many as three males and an average of 12 females and their adolescents. The male lions have the responsibility of protecting the pride and its territory, which can cover a total of 100 square miles of open woodlands, grasslands or scrub. Male lions rely on their deafening roar and the scent from their urine to ward off potential threats to their pride and territory.
Female lions are the main hunters in the pride, and they often hunt together when attempting to track and kill large animals such as zebras, antelope and wildebeest. After a successful hunt, each individual lion in the pride will scramble to claim its share of food, with the cubs being the last to eat. Lions are carnivores, and they can weigh between 265 and 420 pounds.