Ladybugs have defensive strategies, hard outer shells, the ability to fly, distinct colorations and secret potent substances to protect themselves from predators and survive in their environments. Ladybugs are among the smallest organisms, so they need a complex set of defensive tools to ensure their chances of long-term survival.
Among the most beneficial of all ladybug adaptations is the hard outer shell, which is called the elytra. This shell protects vulnerable ladybugs from predators and contain bright spots to warn potential predators that ladybugs are poisonous. Ladybugs also secrete powerful scents to keep predators away and rely on their strong, sturdy wings to get them off the ground quickly when they need to get out of harm's way.