A group of wild turkeys is called a flock, whereas a group of domesticated turkeys is known as a rafter or gang. For most of the year, these flocks comprise at least 30 turkeys.
Flocks may be made up primarily of hens and chicks with a few male turkeys and one dominant male turkey. A hen is female turkey, and a chick is a baby turkey. A male turkey is known as a tom or a jake. Sometimes a flock may be composed of unpaired male turkeys. Turkeys use flocks to better detect the presence of predators. During breeding season, some hens leave the flock to raise their families.