Grasshoppers adapt to their environment by special breathing holes and sprays that protect them against predators. Grasshoppers are also known to have sharp hearing to warn them of oncoming predators. They also jump high and far away from their enemies using their strong and long legs. They are able to skillfully react to enemy presence, even at short notice. Grasshoppers also have a hard exoskeleton that protects their inner organs.
The main way grasshoppers adapt to their environment is through their long and strong legs. In addition, their legs have pikes to protect them from predators. The legs are not only used for jumping, but also for hopping and walking under normal circumstances, without predator threat. The legs are also clawed and quite powerful. However, they are not adapted for use in water.
Besides the ability to walk and jump, grasshoppers also have wings for flying and fluttering about. They also have compound eyes to detect food and predators. To properly cut and chew the grass and leaves on which it feeds, a grasshopper's mouth has special parts for chewing. The middle segment of the insect is also protected by a shield-like pronotum, which runs into the first thoracic segment.