What Do Frogs and Toads Eat?


Frogs and toads eat small invertebrates such as insects, worms, slugs and spiders, and they swallow their food whole. Frogs occasionally eat larger prey such as mice. Toads do not have teeth, and the frogs that do have teeth only use them to hold their prey, not to chew it. Gardeners value both toads and frogs for their ability to keep pests under control.

Toads and some frogs use their long, sticky tongues to catch insects. In less than a second, a frog can roll out its tongue, snag an insect and roll it back into its mouth. Frogs without tongues use their fingers to catch prey. Frogs and toads close their eyes when they swallow. Because these animals do not have bones between their eyes and their mouths, their eyes push down against the roof of their mouths when closed, forcing the food down their throats.

Toads and frogs are very similar because toads are frogs. True toads live in drier climates and are characterized by their fat bodies, warty skin and short hind legs for walking. Frogs usually have smooth skin and need to live near water to keep it moisturized. They have slim bodies and long hind legs for jumping.