Eastern fence lizards have a diet primarily comprised of insects, such as ants, weevils, beetles, lady bugs, centipedes, spiders and other arthropods. The lizards also eat snails and some plant matter during the process, according to Animal Diversity Web from the University of Michigan Museum of Zoology.
The eastern fence lizards catch and eat a variety of insects available to them in their natural habitat. The lizards typically live in grasslands, edges of wooded areas and shrublands throughout the United States. This environment makes it easy for them to find an abundance of food options from which to choose. Female eastern fence lizards tend to eat more in the spring in an effort to store energy for laying eggs. These small creatures are known to forage twice a day for their food, according to Animal Diversity Web from the University of Michigan Museum of Zoology. These animals do not feed in the winter months as they do in the warmer months and instead hide away in holes and places that they can survive the cold throughout the season. These lizards can be found basking in the sunlight during the warm months as a way of helping the digestive system to function properly.