Prior to breeding, owners need to take the right steps to ensure their animals are ready:
- Dogs should be age 2 and older, whereas females should be between ages 2 and 3. It is important to wait until the female is fully grown to ensure she is healthy and to identify underlying diseases.
- Screening for diseases is essential during the breeding process as many are hereditary and can pass down to the pups. This includes looking for hip dysplasia, eye conditions and Brucellosis. A veterinarian can provide full guidance on the types of diseases dogs and bitches should be screened for.
- Make sure the bitch is in heat and ensure the dog is receptive to breeding. Owners who need to use artificial insemination may wish to request an ovulation test with their vet.
- It is recommended that owners read about the breeding process or discuss it with their vet before beginning.
While pregnant, the bitch needs consistent care. In addition, she needs assistance with the delivery and requires after care, too. Owners should be aware that rehoming puppies is often expensive.
Learn more about Animal Reproduction