Camels possess several inheritable traits that increase its survival rate in harsh desert climates. The most glaring attribute of the camel is the large hump on the animal’s back. Dromedaries (one hump) and Bactrian camels (two humps) use the hump(s) to store up to 80 pounds of fat. The fat is broken-down to supply the animals with energy and moisture to survive the long treks through the desert.Continue Reading
In addition to the camel’s hump, camels have an extended large intestine that absorbs every morsel of water from the foods they consume. During long trips through the desert, the fat stored in their humps is broken down and transferred throughout their bodies as energy. When the hump is depleted of its fat, it will lay deflated on the side of the camel’s back. Following a long trip, camels will consume massive amounts of water and food to restore their humps.
Other physical adaptations of the camel include wide feet for walking through the desert, long eyelashes to protect from sand storms and thin nostrils that prevent sand from entering the nasal passages.
Most camels are domesticated for use by humans, but there are a few wild camels in the grasslands of Mongolia and the Australian Outback.Learn more about Camels
One-humped and two-humped camels are two entirely different species. The two-humped species is the Bactrian camel, while the one-humped species is the dromedary. Bactrian camels are an Asiatic species, named after Bactria in Central Asia, whereas dromedaries are a North African species.Full Answer >
Arabian or dromedary camels, which have one hump, live in Northern Africa, Southwestern Asia and Australia, while Bactrian camels, which have two humps, lives in Mongolia and China. Most of the world's camels are domesticated and live with nomadic people in desert regions. The largest camel population is on the Horn of Africa in the countries of Somalia, Ethiopia, Eritrea and Djibouti.Full Answer >
The camels living in South America fall prey to large cats, such as leopards and jaguars. The camels of Africa and South Asia have no natural predators.Full Answer >
Dromedary camels have one hump, while Bactrian camels have two humps. Dromedaries live in the deserts of the Middle East and north Africa. Bactrian camels live in northeastern Asia.Full Answer >